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National Index of Civil Construction changes by 0.62% in March

The National Index of Civil Construction (Sinapi), calculated by IBGE in partnership with CAIXA, changed by 0.62% in March, being 0.18 percentage points above the February rate (0.44%). The cumulative index of the January-March period was 1.52%, versus 1.10% in the same period of 2013. The cumulative index in 12 months was 0.94%, below the 0.51% recorded in the immediately previous 12 months. In March 2013, the index was 0.18%. The complete publication is available at www.ibge.gov.br/home/estatistica/indicadores/precos/sinapi/.

These cumulative results consider the exemption of payroll of companies in the civil construction sector, according to Law 12,844, of July 19, 2013. Without exemption of payroll, the cumulative figure in the year was 1.45%, and in the last twelve months, 7.84% (table 2).

The national cost of construction, by square meter, which closed February at R$ 867.83, changed to R$ 873.20 in March, being R$ 485.63 relative to material and R$ 387.57 to workforce. Without considering real payroll exemption, the national cost of construction, by square meter, was R$ 932.81 the end of March, being R$ 485.89 relative to material and R$ 446.92, to workforce.

Materials recorded change of 1.09%, having increased 0.38 percentage points over the previous month (0.71%) and workorce recorded a 0.03% change, having fallen by 0.08 percentage oints in relation to February (0.11%). The cumulative figures for the first three months of the year are: 2.43% (material) and 0.41% (workforce), whereas in twelve months, they are: 6.13% (material) and -4.87% (workforce). Similarly, there results consider exemption of payroll. Without it, cumulative figures in twelve months are: 6.18% (material) and 9.69% (workforce).

Southeast Region records highest change in March

With changes of 0.63% (Minas Gerais), 1.13% (Espírito Santo), 1.14% (Rio de janeiro) and 0.68% (São Paulo), the Southeast Region, with a rate of 0.78%, recorded the highest monthly change in March. The other results were: 0.54% (North); 0.58% (Northeast); 0.50% (South) and 0.32% (Central West).

Regional costs, by square meter, were: R$ 889.51 (North); R$ 818.23 (Northeast); R$ 910.77 (Southeast); R$ 883.09 (South) and R$ 876.60 (Central West).

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The Southeast Region also recorded the biggest change in the last twelve months, 1.06%. In the year, however, the North region had the highest cumulative rate, 2.12%.

These results are calculated monthly by IBGE in partnership with CAIXA - Caixa Econômica Federal, according to SINAPI - National System of Costs Survey and Indexes of Construction.

SINAPI, created in 1969, has the purpose of producing information on costs and indexes in a systematic way and with a national coverage, in order to elaborate and evaluate budgets as well as monitor costs. In 2002, the National Congress approved, by means of Budgetary Directive Law (LDO), the adoption of SINAPI as a reference for the definition of costs in public constructions.

TABLE 1 - NATIONAL SYSTEM OF COSTS SURVEY AND INDEXES OF CIVIL CONSTRUCTION
March/2014 considering exemption of payroll of companies in the civil consrtuction segment
GEOGRAPHIC AREAS
AVERAGE COSTS
INDEX NUMBERS
PERCENT CHANGES
R$/m2
Jun/94=100
MONTHLY
IN THE YEAR
12 MONTHS
BRAZIL
873.20
437.00
0.62
1.52
0.94
NORTH REGION
889.51
443.09
0.54
2.12
0.94
Rondônia
949.84
529.55
0.27
3.19
-0.09
Acre
962.83
511.12
0.44
1.26
0.95
Amazonas
881.48
431.57
0.18
1.09
-0.30
Roraima
941.57
391.07
-0.01
1.23
-0.46
Para
864.12
414.08
0.54
2.09
1.11
Amapá
884.67
429.64
2.78
6.48
3.97
Tocantins
912.62
479.80
0.27
1.93
2.99
NORTHEAST REGION
818.23
442.03
0.58
1.48
0.95
Maranhão
869.41
458.08
0.55
1.06
-1.03
Piauí
835.92
555.53
0.51
0.55
3.28
Ceara
813.00
469.55
0.49
1.38
2.44
Rio Grande do Norte
784.36
395.27
0.29
1.38
2.29
Paraíba
841.96
465.58
0.22
0.77
0.62
Pernambuco
800.59
428.04
0.29
1.19
1.23
Alagoas
801.82
400.68
0.35
0.94
-1.30
Sergipe
779.29
414.09
0.03
2.00
0.07
Bahia
811.08
429.01
1.08
2.37
0.91
SOUTHEAST REGION
910.77
435.89
0.78
1.74
1.06
Minas Gerais
829.45
456.53
0.63
1.52
-0.19
Espirito Santo
788.55
437.47
1.13
2.15
2.19
Rio de Janeiro
988.12
450.37
1.14
2.29
1.31
São Paulo
938.57
423.88
0.68
1.61
1.55
SOUTH REGION
883.09
422.34
0.50
1.06
0.51
Paraná
897.27
429.06
0.38
0.50
-0.90
Santa Catarina
916.23
496.29
0.55
1.71
3.37
Rio Grande do Sul
827.36
375.58
0.65
1.41
0.13
CENTRAL-WEST REGION
876.60
447.51
0.32
0.81
1.03
Mato Grosso do Sul
864.37
406.36
0.44
0.81
1.39
Mato Grosso
884.65
504.76
0.28
0.11
0.13
Goiás
858.19
453.30
0.36
1.77
3.27
Distrito Federal
899.95
397.54
0.24
0.47
-0.90
Source: IBGE, Diretoria de Pesquisas, Coordenação de Índices de Preços.

TABLE 2 - NATIONAL SYSTEM OF COSTS SURVEY AND INDEXES OF CIVIL CONSTRUCTION
March/2014 not considering exemption of payroll of companies in the civil construction sector
GEOGRAPHIC AREAS
AVERAGE COSTS
INDEX NUMBERS
PERCENT CHANGES
R$/m2
Jun/94=100
MONTHLY
IN THE YEAR
12 MONTHS
BRASIL
932.81
466.81
0.58
1.45
7.84
REGIÃO NORTE
946.37
471.36
0.52
2.06
7.39
Rondônia
1012.58
564.51
0.25
3.35
6.51
Acre
1022.72
542.90
0.40
1.16
7.23
Amazonas
937.68
459.10
0.17
0.97
6.06
Roraima
1004.53
417.24
0.00
1.20
6.20
Para
919.35
440.55
0.51
1.97
7.57
Amapá
941.60
457.22
2.91
6.90
10.66
Tocantins
969.18
509.55
0.25
1.91
9.37
NORTHEAST REGION
870.26
470.12
0.55
1.42
7.37
Maranhão
923.36
486.53
0.57
1.05
5.11
Piauí
888.13
590.26
0.48
0.54
9.73
Ceara
862.32
497.86
0.46
1.35
8.66
Rio Grande do Norte
833.82
420.16
0.25
1.27
8.74
Paraíba
894.52
494.64
0.20
0.72
6.90
Pernambuco
852.73
455.84
0.28
1.11
7.82
Alagoas
852.55
426.02
0.33
0.93
4.94
Sergipe
828.65
440.40
0.03
1.95
6.41
Bahia
864.53
457.36
1.01
2.28
7.56
SOUTHEAST REGION
976.35
467.27
0.72
1.63
8.34
Minas Gerais
887.01
488.16
0.59
1.44
6.74
Espirito Santo
841.96
467.12
1.06
2.01
9.11
Rio de Janeiro
1059.57
483.01
1.07
2.14
8.64
São Paulo
1007.61
455.12
0.63
1.49
9.02
SOUTH REGION
948.31
453.45
0.47
1.06
7.93
Paraná
965.64
461.71
0.35
0.49
6.66
Santa Catarina
987.98
535.12
0.53
1.68
11.47
Rio Grande do Sul
881.01
399.89
0.63
1.44
6.62
CENTRAL WEST REGION
932.60
475.99
0.30
0.77
7.48
Mato Grosso do Sul
917.47
431.25
0.41
0.73
7.61
Mato Grosso
942.86
537.97
0.27
0.10
6.72
Goiás
911.97
481.52
0.34
1.73
9.74
Distrito Federal
958.07
423.26
0.23
0.44
5.50
Source: IBGE, Diretoria de Pesquisas, Coordenação de Índices de Preços

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April 09, 2014


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