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Industrial employment changes -0.2% in July

In July 2013, the total number of salaried employed persons in industry registered a negative change of 0.2% over the immediately previous month, in the seasonally adjusted series. This was the third negative rate in a row in this type of comparison, a cumulative loss of 0.7%. As a consequence, the quarterly moving average index recorded a negative change of 0.2% in the quarter ended in July against the previous month, maintaining the slightly downward trend started last April. The industrial employment posted a negative change of 0.8% in the monthly index of July 2013 (compared with July 2012), 22nd consecutive negative figure in this type of comparison and the most intense since last February (-1.2%). In the cumulative index in the first seven months of 2013, the total number of employed persons in industry also declined by 0.8%. By declining 1.1% in July 2013, the annualized rate, cumulative index in the last 12 months, repeated the same figure reported in the previous month, though less intense than those registered in February (-1.5%), March (-1.4%), April (-1.3%) and May (-1.2%). The complete publication of the survey can be accessed on page www.ibge.gov.br/english/estatistica/indicadores/industria/pimes/.

 

 

In the comparison with July a year ago, the industrial employment declined 0.8% in July 2013, a decrease in the number of workers in 12 out of the 14 places surveyed. The main negative impact was recorded in the Northeast Region (-4.3%), pressed by the negative rates in 12 out of the 18 sectors surveyed. The highlights were the industries of footwear and leather (-8.3%), food products and beverages (-3.6%), non-metallic minerals (-7.4%), petroleum refining and alcohol production (-14.4%), wearing apparel (-3.3%), fabricated metal products (-8.0%), rubber and plastic products (-6.5%), textiles (-4.6%) and mining and quarrying (-6.4%). Other negative figures were posted in Bahia (-7.4%), Rio Grande do Sul (-2.1%) and Pernambuco (-5.3%). The first state was influenced by the drops in the sectors of footwear and leather (-27.0%) and of non-metallic minerals (-22.9%). The second was pressed by the sectors of footwear and leather (-10.1%) and of communication and electric-electronic machinery and apparatus (-22.1%). The last one, due to the losses in food products and beverages (-7.1%) and rubber and plastic products (-28.3%). By advancing 1.3% in July 2013, Santa Catarina posted the most relevant positive contribution to the industrial employment in Brazil, leveraged by the sectors of rubber and plastic products (8.4%), fabricated metal products (9.3%), machinery and equipment (2.4%), wood (5.3%), transportation means (7.8%) and wearing apparel (1.1%).

Among the sectors, considering the monthly index, the total number of salaried employed persons declined in 12 out of the 18 sectors surveyed, highlighted by the negative pressures coming from footwear and leather (-5.5%), fabricated metal products (-3.5%), machinery and equipment (-2.5%), other products from the manufacturing industry (-3.6%), textiles (-3.4%), and communication and electric-electronic machinery and apparatus (-2.5%). The main positive impacts came from food products and beverages (1.8%), rubber and plastic products (3.4%) and transportation means (1.5%).

As to the cumulative index in 2013, the industrial employment fell 0.8%, recording negative rates in 11 out of the 14 places and in 13 out of the 18 sectors surveyed. Among the places, the Northeast region (-4.3%) posted the main negative influence, followed by Rio Grande do Sul (-2.4%), Pernambuco (-7.4%), Bahia (-5.3%) and São Paulo (-0.3%). Paraná (0.9%) and Santa Catarina (1.0%) exerted the most significant positive pressure on the cumulative index in the first seven months of the year. Among the sectors, the most significant negative contributions came from footwear and leather (-5.4%), wearing apparel (-3.7%),  other products from the manufacturing industry (-4.2%), textiles (-3.7%), machinery and equipment (-1.8%)  and wood (-5.1%), whereas the sectors of food products and beverages (1.9%) and of rubber and plastic products (2.9%) were the main positive influences.

Number of hours paid shrinks 0.3% in July

Discounted the seasonal influences, the number of hours paid to workers of industry in July 2013 declined 0.3% over the immediately previous month, the third negative rate in a row and a cumulative loss of 1.5% in the period. Considering these figures, the quarterly moving average index dropped 0.5% between the quarters ended in June and July, after being virtually stable in the last two months: May (0.1%) and June (0.0%). The fall registered in July was the most intense since May 2012 (-0.9%).

In the July 2013 / July 2012 comparison, the number of hours paid dropped 0.8%, the second negative figure in a row in this type of comparison and the most intense since last March (-1.4%). The rates were negative in 11 out of the 14 places and in 11 out of the 18 sectors surveyed. In terms of sectors, the main negative influences came from footwear and leather (-7.4%), fabricated metal products (-4.3%), machinery and equipment (-2.4%), other products from the manufacturing industry (-3.7%), textiles (-2.9%) and wood (-4.8%). Conversely, the sector of food products and beverages (2.1%) exerted the main positive impact in July, followed by transportation means (1.8%) and rubber and plastic products (2.0%).

Among the places, still comparing with the same month last year, the Northeast region (-4.6%) exerted the main negative influence, pressed by the reduction in the number of hours paid in the sectors of footwear and leather (-8.3%), food products and beverages (-4.3%), non-metallic minerals (-8.1%), petroleum refining and alcohol production (-13.2%), rubber and plastic products (-8.5%) and fabricated metal products (-9.0%). Other negative figures were registered in Bahia (-8.8%), due to the declines in footwear and leather (-25.8%), non-metallic minerals (-23.6%), machinery and equipment (-18.6%) and fabricated metal products (-14.5%); in Rio Grande do Sul (-1.8%), due to the declines in footwear and leather (-11.6%), machinery and equipment (-5.5%), communication and electric-electronic machinery and apparatus (-14.2%) and wearing apparel (-15.3%); in Minas Gerais (-1.4%), explained by the drops in the sectors of wearing apparel (-8.4%), basic metals (-5.2%), machinery and equipment (-6.3%) and other products from the manufacturing industry (-4.6%); and in Pernambuco (-5.1%), due to the declines in food products and beverages (-5.6%), rubber and plastic products (-33.6%), non-metallic minerals (-6.3%), paper and press (-9.2%) and textiles (-13.8%). On the other hand, Santa Catarina (1.7%) and São Paulo (0.3%) exerted the main positive contributions, leveraged by the expansion in the sectors of rubber and plastic products (10.1%), machinery and equipment (3.9%), fabricated metal products (6.7%) and wearing apparel (2.5%), in the former place, and of food products and beverages (5.4%), wearing apparel (8.4%), rubber and plastic products (4.9%) and communication and electric-electronic machinery and apparatus (5.2%), in the latter.

In the cumulative index in 2013, the total number of hours paid in industry also pointed to a reduction (-0.9%), reflected in 10 out of the 18 sectors surveyed. The most relevant negative influences were registered in the sectors of footwear and leather (-7.4%), wearing apparel (-4.3%), other products from the manufacturing industry (-4.8%), machinery and equipment (-2.5%), textiles (-4.3%) and wood (-5.7%). In contrast, food products and beverages (2.2%) exerted the main positive contribution to the  number of hours paid to industrial workers. As to the areas, 10 out of the 14 places recorded negative rates, highlighted by the decline of 4.3% in the Northeast Region, followed by losses in Rio Grande do Sul (-3.0%), Pernambuco (-6.6%), Bahia (-5.8%) and Espírito Santo (-4.2%). Santa Catarina (0.7%), Rio de Janeiro (0.4%) and Paraná (0.1%) posted the positive influences over the cumulative index in the year, whereas São Paulo remained stable (0.0%).

By declining 1.2% in July 2013, the annualized rate, cumulative index in the last 12 months, registered a less intense negative figure than those reported in March (-2.0%), April (-1.8%),  May (-1.5%) and June (-1.4%).

Real payroll changes 0.4% in July

In July 2013, the value of the seasonally-adjusted real payroll of industrial workers changed 0.4% over the immediately previous month, offsetting part of the drop of 1.4% recorded in the previous month. Once the manufacturing industry registered a slight positive change (0.2%) in July, it became clear the influence of the expansion of 8.7% recorded in the mining and quarrying sector, leveraged by the payment of profit sharing in an important company of this sector. Still in the seasonally adjusted series, the quarterly moving average index changed 0.2% between the quarters ended in June and July, maintaining the upward trend started last March.

Comparing with the same month a year ago, the real payroll grew 3.4% in July 2013, the 43rd consecutive positive rate in this kind of comparison, showing positive figures in 12 out of the 14 places surveyed. The biggest positive influence came from São Paulo (3.3%), leveraged by the increase of the real payroll in 12 out of the 18 activities surveyed. The highlights were food products and beverages (8.2%), machinery and equipment (5.6%), chemical products (6.6%), communication and electric-electronic machinery and apparatus (9.0%), rubber and plastic products (9.0%) and petroleum refining and alcohol production (7.9%). Other positive influences came from Minas Gerais (4.0%), Rio Grande do Sul (4.4%), Santa Catarina (4.8%), the North and Central-West Regions (3.9%) and Rio de Janeiro (3.2%). The activities that mostly positively contributed to the increase of the real payroll in these places were, respectively, petroleum refining and alcohol production (53.9%), due to the payment of profit sharing in this sector, non-metallic minerals (19.0%), mining and quarrying industries (9.1%) and basic metals (5.5%); transportation means (17.3%), fabricated metal products (11.7%), food products and beverages (6.5%) and petroleum refining and alcohol production (75.0%), also due to the payment of profit sharing in this sector; machinery and equipment (11.7%), rubber and plastic products (9.2%), wearing apparel (6.4%) and fabricated metal products (10.8%); food products and beverages (6.8%), fabricated metal products (14.3%) and mining and quarrying industries (6.7%); and mining and quarrying industries (9.0%), machinery and equipment (10.2%) and food products and beverages (7.0%). The most relevant negative contribution was recorded in Bahia (-6.9%), pressed by the reduction in footwear and leather (-30.3%), transportation means (-25.0%), fabricated metal products (-30.2%) and basic metals (-18.7%).

In terms of sectors, still considering the monthly index, the value of the real payroll in the overall country increased in 13 out of the 18 sectors surveyed. The highlights were food products and beverages (5.7%), mining and quarrying industries (13.4%), chemical products (5.4%), petroleum refining and alcohol production (12.3%), machinery and equipment (3.1%), rubber and plastic products (5.5%), communication and electric-electronic machinery and apparatus (3.9%) and non-metallic minerals (4.0%). The most relevant negative impacts came from footwear and leather (-1.8%) and transportation means (-0.3%).

In the cumulative index in the first seven months of 2013, the value of the real payroll of industry also expanded (2.8%), posting positive rates in 12 out of the 14 places surveyed. The highest positive contribution came from São Paulo (2.6%), followed by Rio de Janeiro (6.3%), the North and Central-West Regions (4.8%), Minas Gerais (2.4%), Rio Grande do Sul (3.1%), Paraná (2.6%) and Santa Catarina (3.1%). The negative influences were registered in Pernambuco (-3.6%) and Bahia (-0.1%). Among the sectors, the value of the real payroll advanced in 13 out of the 18 activities surveyed, mainly leveraged by the gains coming from food products and beverages (4.6%), mining and quarrying industries (10.2%), chemical products (5.3%), communication and electric-electronic machinery and apparatus (5.3%), transportation means (1.5%), rubber and plastic products (4.3%), petroleum refining and alcohol production (7.6%) and machinery and equipment (1.7%). Conversely, the sectors of basic metals (-2.0%) and wearing apparel (-1.5%) exerted the most relevant negative influences.

By rising 3.9% in July 2013, the annualized rate, cumulative index in the last 12 months, registered a figure close to that reported in March (3.7%), April (3.6%), May (3.9%) and June (3.8%).

 


Social Communication
September 11, 2013


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