The Press Room is a communication channel between IBGE and journalists. Here you can follow our releases, contact our press office and access multimedia resources.


search
in news

Industrial employment falls 0.5% in May

Over April results, industrial emlpoyment recorded a 0.7% decrease in May 2013, with decline of the number of workers in ten of the 14 areas surveyed. The main negative impact on the overall rate came from the Northeast Region (-3.2%). It is also worth mentioning the negative results recorded by São Paulo (-0.7%), Rio Grande do Sul (-1.9%), Bahia (-4.5%) and Pernambuco (-5.3%). On the other hand, North and Central West Region (1.4%) and Santa Catarina (1.2%) accounted for the main positive contributions to industrial employment in the country. 

By sector, also considering the monthly index, the salaried persons overall decreased nine of the 18 subsectors surveyed, with the main highlights coming from the negative contributions of footwear and leather (-6.5%), machinery and equipment (-3.3%), other products from manufacturing industry (-4.4%), electric-electronic and communication machinery and apparatus (-3.5%), apparel (-2.5%) and non-metallic minerals (-2.2%). On the other hand, the main positive impacts on the average of industry were observed in the sectors of food products and beverages (2.4%), rubber and plastic (2.7%), means of transportation (0.7%) and chemical products (1.1%). 

Considering the index accumulated in January-May 2013, industrial employment recorded a fall of 0.8%, with negative rates in ten of the 14 areas and in 14 of the 18 subsectors surveyed. Among the areas, the Northeast Region (-4.4%) accounted for the main negative impact on the industry overall, followed by Rio Grande do Sul (-2.5%), Pernambuco (-8.1%), São Paulo (-0.5%), Bahia (-4.7%) and Espírito Santo (-4.0%). On the contrary, Paraná (1.2%) and Santa Catarina (0.9%) accounted for the main positive impacts on the cumulative index of the January-May period. By sector, the most significant negative contributions to the national average came from apparel (-5.0%), footwear and leather (-5.5%), other products from manufacturing industry (-4.3%), textiles (-4.1%), machinery and equipment (-1.7%) and wood (-5.2%), whereas food products and beverages (1.9%) and rubber and plastic (2.9%) recorded the main positive influences. 

Number of hours paid is 0.7% smaller in May

In May 2013, the number of hours paid to industry workers, in the seasonally adjusted series, fell 0.7% in the comparison with April, after recording negative change of 0.3% in March and increasing 1.0% in April. It is worth mentioning that this month presented the worst negative result since April 2012 (-0.8%). Also considering the seasonally adjusted series, the quarterly moving average index repeated in May (0.0%) the same level as in the previous month, after recording positive change of 0.3% last April. 

In the May 2013/May 2012 comparison, the number of hours paid recorded negative change of 0.1%, after reaching 0.2% in April, with the interruption of a 19 month sequence of negative rates in this type of comparison. The indicator accumulated in the first five months of 2013 recorded decrease of 1.0%, with a lower pace of decrease than in Q1 2013 (-1.7%), both comparison versus similar periods in the previous year. The annualized rate, the index accumulated in the last 12 months, fell 1.6% in May 2013, having recorded a less significant negative result than in March (-2.0%) and April (-1.8%). 

In May 2013, the number of hours paid had a negative change of 0.1% in the comparison with the same period in the previous year, with negative rates in eight of the 14 areas and eight of the 18 subsectors surveyed. By sector, the main negative contributions came from footwear and leather (-9.4%), other products from manufacturing industry (-4.8%), apparel (-3.3%), machinery and equipment (-2.5%) and textiles (-3.2%). On the other hand, the subsector of food products and beverages (4.5%) recorded the main positive impact in the month, being followed by means of transportation (2.2%) and rubber and plastic (2.3%). 

Among the areas, also in comparison with the same month in the previous year, the Northeast Region (-3.6%) represented the main negative impact on the country overall. It is important to highlight the negative impacts recorded by Rio Grande do Sul (-2.6%), Bahia (-6.3%), Espírito Santo (-5.5%) and Pernambuco (-3.8%). On the other hand, São Paulo (0.9%) accounted for the main positive impact on the total number of hours paid. Other relevant positive results were those of Santa Catarina (1%), North and Central West Region (1.3%). 

The cumulative index of January-May/2013 presents decrease of the number of hours paid (1.09%), with negative rates in 11 of the 18 subsectors surveyed. The most significant negative contributions to the average of industry came from footwear and leather (-7.8%), apparel (-5.8%), other products from manufacturing industry (-5.1%), textiles (-4.7%), machinery and equipment (-2.6%) and wood (-6.0%). On the other hand, food products and beverages (2.3%) represented the main positive contribution to the overall number of hours paid to indudustry workers. At regional level, also in terms of the yearly cumulative index, ten of the 14 areas recorded negative rates, the main highlight being the 4.3% decrease in the Northeast Region, followed by the losses in Rio Grande do Sul (-3.4%), Pernambuco (-7.3%), Bahia (-5.2%) and São Paulo (-0.3%). On the other hand, Paraná (0.5%) and Santa Catarina (0.3%) accounted for the main positive contributions the industry overall. 

Real payroll increased by 1.7% in May

In May 2013, the seasonally-adjusted real payroll of industry workers recorded increase of 1.7% versus that of the previous month, after recording slight increase in April (0.1%). It is worth mentioning that this month's result presents the clear influence of the mining and quarrying sector, which expanded 29.4%, mainly affected by the sharing of profit and results in some important companies of this segment, and the average increase of industry (0.3%). Also considering the seasonally adjusted series, the quarterly moving average index changed by 0.4% in the quarters ending in April and May and had consecutive positive rates for the second month, with a cumulative result of 1.2% in the period. 

In the comparison with the same month in the previous year, real payroll increased by 5.8% in May 2013, reaching its 41st positive rate in a row for this comparison. As for the index accumulated in the first five months of 2013, the real payroll of industry increased 2.8%, having surpassed the Q1 2013 figure (1.9%), being both comparisons against the previous year. The annualized rate, the index accumulated in the last 12 months, increased 3.9% in May 2013, and recorded slight decrease over the April result (3.6%). 

Over the same month in the previous year, real payroll increased by 5.8% in May 2013, with positive results in 12 of the 14 areas surveyed. the main influence on the nationa overall came from São paulo (5.9%). It is worth highlighting the positive impacts of Rio de Janeiro (20.5%), North and Central West Region 97.1%), Northeast Region (4.5%), Santa Catarina (5.2%) and Bahia (11.0%). Espírito Santo (-6.9%) and Pernambuco (-3.6%), on the other hand, accounted for negative contributions. 

By sector, considering the monthly index of May 2013, real payroll in the country increased in 13 of the 18 subsectors surveyed, the main highlights being: mining and quarrying industry (34.0%), means of transportation (8.5%), food products and beverages (5.2%), petroleum refining and alcohol production (24.8%), electric-electronic and communication machinery and apparatus (10.3%), machinery and equipment (2.5%) and chemical products (3.6%). Nevertheless, negative impacts were observed in footwear and leather (-3.8%) and metallurgy (-1.2%). 

As for the index accumulated in the first five months of 2013, the real payroll of industry increased 2.8%, with positive rates in 12 of the 14 areas surveyed. The main positive contribution to the industry overall came form São Paulo (2.6%), being followed by Rio de (7.3%), North and Central West Region (5.1%), Minas Gerais (1.9%), Rio Grande do Sul (2.4%) and Paraná (2.6%). On the other hand, negative impacts were recorded in Pernambuco (-3.7%) and Espírito Santo (-1.5%). 

By sector, also in the index accumulated in the year, real payroll increased in 13 of the 18 activities surveyd, being mainly afected by the increases of food products and beverages (4.6%), mining and quarrying industry (10.5%), electric-electronic and communication machinery and apparatus (6.6%), chemical products (5.1%), means of transportation (2.0%), petroleum refining and alcohol production (7.6%), ruber and plastic (3.6%) and machinery and equipment (1.4%). On the other hand, metallurgy (-3.1%) and apparel (-3.3%) accounted for the main negative contributions to the national overall result.

In May 2013, the number of salaried employed persons in industry fell 0.5% versus the figure in the immediately previous month, in the seasonally-adjusted series, after having been stable for the last few months. That was the most significant decrease since December 2009 (-0.6%). With these results, the quarterly moving average index recorded negative change of 0.1% in the quarters which ended in May versus the previous month, and has remained stable since July last year. Over May 2012, industrial employment faced decrease of 0.7%, the 20th negative result in a row in this type of comparison, being slightly above the April figure (-0.5%). 

Considering the cumulative index for the first five months of 2013, the number of persons employed in industry decreased less than in the first quarter of 2013 (-1.0%), both comparisons against the same period in the previous year. The anualized rate, the cumulative index in 12 months, having decreased 1.3% in May 2013, reached similar figures to those in December (-1.4%), January (-1.4%), February (-1.5%), March (-1.4%) and April (-1.4%).

The complete publication is available at www.ibge.gov.br/english/estatistica/indicadores/industria/pimes

 


Social Communication
July 10, 2013


© 2014 IBGE - Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística