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Industrial employment remains stable in April

In April 2013, the total number of salaried employed persons in industry did not change (0.0%) over the preceding month in the seasonally adjusted series, after registering a positive change of 0.2% in March and remaining stable last February. Based on these figures, the quarterly moving average index recorded a positive change of 0.1% in the quarter ended in April over that in the preceding month, maintaining the stability trend since July last year. Compared with April 2012, the industrial employment dropped 0.5% in April 2013, the 19th consecutive negative figure in this type of comparison, though the least significant drop since January last year (-0.4%). In the cumulative index for the first four months of 2013, the total number of employed persons in industry declined 0.9%, pointing to a slight decrease in the falling pace against the last four months of 2012 (-1.4%), both comparisons over the same period of the previous year. By declining 1.3% in April 2013, the annual rate, cumulative index in the last 12 months, posted figures very close to those registered in December (-1.4%), January (-1.4%), February (-1.5%) and March (-1.4%).

The complete publication of the survey can be accessed on page http://www.ibge.gov.br/home/estatistica/indicadores/industria/pimes/.

 

 

Compared with the same month a year ago, the industrial employment declined 0.5% in April 2013, pointing to a decrease in the number of workers in eight out of the 14 places surveyed. The main negative impact on the overall average was registered in the Northeast Region (-4.0%). It is also worth mentioning the negative figures recorded in Pernambuco (-7.3%), Bahia (-5.3%) and Rio Grande do Sul (-1.6%). On the other hand, Santa Catarina (1.4%) and the North and Central-West Regions (1.1%) posted the most relevant positive contributions to the industrial employment in Brazil.

Among the sectors, considering the monthly index, the total number of salaried employed persons declined in 11 out of the 18 sectors surveyed, highlighted by the negative pressures coming from footwear and leather (-6.4%), other products from the manufacturing industry (-4.3%), wearing apparel (-3.0%), machinery and equipment (-2.3%), wood (-5.5%), textiles (-2.6%) and non-metallic minerals (-2.1%). Conversely, the main positive influences over the average industry were registered in the sectors of food products and beverages (2.8%), rubber and plastic products (2.7%) and fabricated metal products (1.7%).

The industrial employment fell 0.9% in the cumulative index in the first four months of the year, recording negative rates in 10 out of the 14 places and in 12 out of the 18 sectors surveyed. Among the places, the Northeast Region (-4.6%) posted the main negative influence on the overall industry, followed by Rio Grande do Sul (-2.6%), Pernambuco (-8.6%), São Paulo (-0.5%) and Bahia (-4.7%). On the other hand, Paraná (1.4%) exerted the most significant positive pressure on the cumulative index in the first four months of the year. Among the sectors, the most significant negative contributions to the national average came from wearing apparel (-5.5%), footwear and leather (-5.3%), textiles (-4.6%), other products from the manufacturing industry (-4.2%), wood (-5.4%), machinery and equipment (-1.3%) and transportation means (-1.1%), whereas the sectors of food products and beverages (1.9%) and rubber and plastic products (2.6%) were the main positive influences.

Number of hours paid increases 1.0% in April

In April 2013, the number of hours paid to workers of industry, discounted the seasonal influences, increased 1.0% against the immediately previous month, after decreasing 0.3% in March. It is worth highlighting that this is the highest expansion since October last year (1.1%). By positively changing 0.3% between the quarters ended in March and April, still in the seasonally adjusted series, the quarterly moving average index reverted three consecutive months of negative figures and registered the highest rate since February 2012 (0.6%).

Compared with the same month a year ago, the number of hours paid changed 0.1% in April 2013, interrupting 19 consecutive months of negative rates in this type of comparison. The cumulative index in the first four months of 2013 declined 1.3%, recording a slower falling pace than that of the last four months last year (-1.5%), both comparisons against same periods in the previous year. By declining 1.8% in April 2013, the annual rate, cumulative index in the last 12 months, registered a lower negative figure than that of last March (-2.0%) and interrupted the falling trend started in February 2011 (4.5%).

In April 2013, the number of hours paid recorded a positive change of 0.1% over the same month a year ago, registering positive rates in seven out of the 14 places and in 10 out of the 18 sectors surveyed. Among the sectors, the main positive influences came from food products and beverages (3.6%), transportation means (2.0%), rubber and plastic products (2.5%), petroleum refining and alcohol production (4.2%) and fabricated metal products (1.3%). Conversely, the activities of footwear and leather (-7.4%), other products from the manufacturing industry (-4.3%), wearing apparel (-4.0%), machinery and equipment (-2.5%), textiles (-3.6%) and wood (-6.0%) recorded the main negative figures this month.

As to the places, still comparing with the same month a year ago, São Paulo (1.3%) registered the main positive contribution to the overall index. It is also worth mentioning the positive influences recorded in Santa Catarina (1.4%), Minas Gerais (0.7%), and the North and Central-West Regions (0.7%). On the other hand, the Northeast Region (-3.3%) exerted the main negative influence over the total number of hours paid, in addition to Rio Grande do Sul (-2.1%), Bahia (-4.0%), Espírito Santo (-6.0%) and Pernambuco (-3.7%).

In the cumulative index in the first four months of 2013, the number of hours paid declined 1.3%, with 12 out of the 18 sectors surveyed reporting negative rates. The most relevant negative influences over the industry average were registered in the sectors of wearing apparel (-6.3%), footwear and leather (-7.4%), other products from the manufacturing industry (-5.1%), textiles (-5.1%), machinery and equipment (-2.6%), wood (-6.1%) and paper and press (-2.2%). Conversely, food products and beverages (1.7%) exerted the main positive contributions to the total number of hours paid to industrial workers. As to the areas, 12 out of the 14 places recorded negative rates, highlighted by the decline of 4.5% in the Northeast Region, followed by losses in Rio Grande do Sul (-3.7%), Pernambuco (-8.1%), São Paulo (-0.6%) and Bahia (-5.0%). In contrast, Paraná (0.9%) registered the most relevant positive influence on the overall industry.

Real payroll changes 0.2% in April

In April 2013, the seasonally adjusted value of the real payroll of industrial workers positively changed 0.2%, after declining 0.5% in March. It is worth highlighting that this figure was influenced by the positive behavior both of the manufacturing (0.2%) and the mining and quarrying (0.4%) industries. Still in the seasonally adjusted series, the quarterly moving average index expanded 0.9% between the quarters ended in March and April, reverting two consecutive months of negative rates, which recorded a cumulative loss of 2.5%.

Comparing with the same month a year ago, the real payroll grew 2.6% in April 2013, the 40th consecutive positive rate in this kind of comparison. In the cumulative index in the first four months of 2013, the value of the real payroll in industry advanced 2.0%, registering a slower pace than that of the last four months of 2012 (6.1%), both of them compared with the same periods in the previous year. By increasing 3.6% in April 2013, the annual rate, the cumulative index in the last 12 months, reduced the growing pace against December (4.4%), January (4.1%), February (3.8%) and March (3.7%) figures.

In the comparison with the same month last year, the value of the real payroll recorded an expansion of 2.6% in April 2013, registering positive results in 11 out of the 14 places surveyed. The highest positive influence on the overall industry was recorded in São Paulo (3.6%). Other positive figures were registered in Paraná (4.6%), the North and Central-West Regions (4.4%) and Rio Grande do Sul (3.6%). Conversely, the main negative figures came from Rio de Janeiro (-3.3%) and Pernambuco (-4.9%).

In terms of sectors, still considering the monthly index of April 2013, the value of the real payroll in the overall country increased in 12 out of the 18 sectors surveyed, highlighted by food products and beverages (6.4%), electric-electronic and communication machinery and apparatus (7.9%), chemical products (5.9%), fabricated metal products (4.9%), transportation means (2.3%) and mining and quarrying industries (4.9%). On the other hand, the main negative influences were registered in the sectors of paper and press (-5.8%), basic metals (-1.2%) and machinery and equipment (-0.6%).

In the cumulative index in the first four months of 2013, the value of the real payroll advanced 2.0%, recording positive rates in 10 out of the 14 places surveyed. The highest positive contribution to the overall industry came from São Paulo (1.8%), followed by Rio de Janeiro (4.2%), the North and Central-West Regions (4.6%), Minas Gerais (1.9%), Rio Grande do Sul (2.4%) and Paraná (2.5%). In contrast, the negative figures were registered in Pernambuco (-3.7%), the Northeast Region (-0.7%), Bahia (-0.8%) and Espírito Santo (-0.1%).

As to the sectors, still considering the cumulative index in the year, the value of the real payroll increased in 14 out of the 18 activities surveyed, mainly leveraged by the gains recorded in food products and beverages (4.4%), chemical products (5.8%), mining and quarrying industries (5.9%), electric-electronic and communication machinery and apparatus (5.6%), rubber and plastic products (3.8%) and machinery and equipment (1.1%). Conversely, the sectors of basic metals (-3.6%) and wearing apparel (-4.1%) exerted the most relevant negative influences on the overall industry.

 


Social Communication
June 12, 2013


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